(1881-1973) Spanish born Pablo Picasso was the son of an academic painter, José Ruiz Blasco, and began to draw as a young boy. His father worked at the School of Fine Arts in Barcelona and tried to convince the officials to let his son enroll at 13 years old. Picasso was accepted.
His visit to Horta de Ebro and his association with the group at the Café Els Quatre Gats were crucial to his early artistic development. In 1900, Picasso had his first exhibition in Barcelona. Four years later, he settled in Paris and made a close knit group of friends that included Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, Gertrude and Leo Stein, and two art dealers, Ambroise Vollard and Berthe Weill. He never returned to Spain because of his dislike for its dictator, General Franco. While working as a sculptor, painter, and draftsman, Picasso also cofounded the Cubist movement. He developed elements of multiple perspectives and faceted representation, wherein subjects are reduced and fragmented through intersecting, seemingly transparent planes.
His styles can be reflected in his Blue Period, Rose Period, Analytic Phase, and Synthetic Phase. Picasso is stated as being the most famous, versatile, prolific and influential artist of the 20th century. He was a master of Classicism, Symbolism, Expressionism, was the chief inventor of Cubism and anticipator of Surrealism.
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